Assam, Meghalaya sign agreement to resolve border dispute

It was hailed as a “historic day” for the Northeast by Union Home Minister Amit Shah, who hailed it as a “historic day” for the region. Assam and Meghalaya inked an agreement on Tuesday to end their five-decade-old boundary dispute in six of the 12 areas where it had been disputed.

The agreement was signed in the presence of Mr. Shah, as well as the Chief Ministers of Assam and Meghalaya, Himanta Biswa Sarma and Conrad Sangma, who signed on behalf of their respective states.

The agreement will put an end to a long-running disagreement at six of the twelve locations along the 884.9 km boundary between the two countries.

During a ceremony conducted at the Ministry of Home Affairs in this city, Shah said, “Today is a momentous day for the Northeast.”

Assam, Meghalaya sign agreement to resolve border dispute

According to the Home Minister, the signing of the accord has settled about 70% of the border issue between the two states.

There are 36 settlements in the six locations, which span a total area of 36.79 sq km, and an agreement has been made with respect to each of them.

In August of last year, the two states organised three committees each to look into the thorny issue of state border demarcation. The panels were established after two rounds of negotiations between Sarma and Sangma, during which the two neighbouring republics agreed to settle the issue in stages.

Accordig to the committees’ combined final set of recommendations, out of the 36.79 sq km of disputed territory that was taken up for resolution in the first phase, Assam would be given complete sovereignty over 18.51 sq km and Meghalaya will be given complete control over 18.28 sq km.

The six areas with the least significant disparities between Assam and Meghalaya were taken up in the first round of the negotiations, out of a total of 12 issues of contention between the two states.

The border issue between Assam and Meghalaya has been a source of contention for more than 50 years. However, in recent years, there has been an increase in the number of people working to find a solution.

Despite the fact that Meghalaya was established as a distinct state in 1972 after being split from Assam, the new state had contested the Assam Reorganisation Act, 1971, resulting in a dispute at 12 spots along the state’s border with India.

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